The Electronic Journal of e-Government publishes perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Government

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Journal Article

FRAMES — A Risk Assessment Framework for e‑Services  pp21-30

Adrianos Evangelidis

© Jun 2004 Volume 2 Issue 1, Editor: Frank Bannister, pp1 - 74

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Abstract

e‑Government projects are expected to increase efficiency and quality of government services, whilst decreasing the costs. Unfortunately though, together with its perceived positive potential, e‑Government also entails risks. It is expected that the employment of proper risk assessment methods in the management of such projects will reduce the threats imposed by the various risks that surround these projects. This paper discusses about risk in e‑Government and provides a high‑level e‑ Government risk factor classification. Furthermore, this article proposes a novel risk assessment framework for e‑Services in the public administration.

 

Keywords: e-Government, e-Service, Risk, Risk Assessment, Frameworks

 

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Journal Article

The Effectiveness of e‑Service in Local Government: A Case Study  pp157-166

Mehdi Asgarkhani

© Feb 2006 Volume 3 Issue 4, Editor: Frank Bannister, pp157 - 240

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Abstract

e‑Technology has become a catalyst for enabling more effective government through better access to services and the democratic process. As public interest in the Internet and e‑Technology solutions continues to grow, there is an increasing expectation that they will be utilised in national and local governments for not only more efficient governance but also improving public access to information and services. This paper, based on a case study discusses some of the key aspects of electronic government and e‑Service. It examines the value and the effectiveness of e‑Services within the public sector with a focus on four specific facets of effectiveness: the view of management and ICT strategists; social, cultural and ethical implications; the implications of lack of access to ICT; and the customers'citizens' view of the usefulness and success of e‑Service initiatives.

 

Keywords: e-Technologies, e-Service, e-Government, e-Readiness, Local Government

 

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Journal Article

Building on Success: The Diffusion of e‑Government in the American States  pp71-82

Hyun Jung Yun, Cynthia Opheim

© Mar 2010 Volume 8 Issue 1, Editor: Frank Bannister, pp1 - 82

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine what factors encourage the diffusion of Internet technology, or e‑government, in the American states. Different dimensions of digital technology are examined by investigating the spread of both e‑service and e‑democracy. A longitudinal mixed linear model is used to test the direct effects of states' political, economic, demographic, and ideological factors on the states' efforts to adopt Internet technology over the first seven years of the new millennium. The results indicate that the adoption of Internet technology is a cumulative process; a state's preexisting digitalization is continuously built on progress in expanding the governmental digital services and outreach. States whose leaders are engaged in professional networks are more likely to adopt e‑government. Institutionally powerful governors also encourage the adoption of on‑line technology. The study concludes that the spread of Internet technology in providing services and expanding outreach fits the explanatory analysis of noncontroversial policies that are diffused by a process of emulation. Executive power, leadership, and professional networks reinforce this pattern of emulation.

 

Keywords: e-government, e-service, e-democracy, internet technology, emulation, leadership, professional networks

 

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Journal Article

Modeling and Illustrating Requirement Prioritization in Public E‑Service Development From a Value‑Based Perspective  pp3-17

Anders Avdic, Thomas Lambrinos

© Nov 2015 Volume 13 Issue 1, Editor: Frank Bannister, pp1 - 76

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Abstract

Abstract: A major problem in e‑service development is the prioritization of the requirements of different stakeholders. The main stakeholders are governments and their citizens,all of whom have different and sometimes conflicting requirements. In this pap er, the prioritization problem is addressed by combining a value‑based approach with an illustration technique. This paper examines the following research question: How can multiple stakeholder requirements be illustrated from a value‑based perspective in order to be prioritizable? We used an e‑service development case taken from a Swedish municipality to elaborate on our approach. Our contributions are: 1) a model of the relevant domains for requirement prioritization for government, citizens, technolog y, finances and laws and regulations; and 2) a requirement fulfillment analysis tool (RFA) that consists of a requirement‑goal‑value matrix (RGV), and a calculation and illustration module (CIM). The model reduces cognitive load, helps developers t o focus on value fulfillment in e‑service development and supports them in the formulation of requirements. It also offers an input to public policy makers, should they aim to target values in the design of e‑services.

 

Keywords: Keywords: public e-services, public e-service development, requirement prioritization, requirement domains, values, goals, illustration, requirement fulfilment

 

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Journal Article

Exploring User Participation Practice in Public E‑Service Development – Why, How and in Whose Interest?  pp72-86

Jesper Holgersson, Ulf Melin, Ida Lindgren, Karin Axelsson

© May 2018 Volume 16 Issue 1, Editor: Dr Carl Erik Moe, pp1 - 86

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Abstract

User participation is seen as an important enabler for successful public e‑service development. However, at the same time development of public e‑services is still often characterised by an internal government perspective with little consideration for external users’ perspectives. This paper challenges the overly positive attitude that is surrounding user participation in e‑government research. The paper aims to illustrate and problematize various aspects that influence why, how, and in whose interest user participation is conducted in public e‑service development. First, via a literature review, we identify a set of dimensions for critically exploring how, why, and in whose interest user participation is conducted in public e‑service development projects. Second, we use these dimensions in order to characterise and analyse three empirical public e‑service development cases in order to test the utility, usefulness, and feasibility of the identified dimensions. Our findings highlight the importance of questioning and elaborating on the motives behind user participation (the why) in public e‑service development. We also identify two basic forms of how user participation is addressed in public e‑service development projects: 1) veneered participation, and 2) ad‑hoc participation. Furthermore, we argue that any decisions made regarding user participation in public e‑service development should be based on conscious and informed choices concerning why user participation is needed and what it may bring for different stakeholders and their interests.

 

Keywords: E-government, User Participation, Public e-service development

 

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Journal Article

A Framework for Categorising and Evaluating Tools for e‑Democracy  pp54-67

Mats Danielson, Love Ekenberg

© Apr 2020 Volume 18 Issue 1, Editor: Dr Carl Erik Moe, pp1 - 82

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Abstract

The design of tools and interfaces for e‑democracy systems takes place in a highly multidisciplinary context. However, the inter‑contextual understanding of democracy is still immature. This article presents a framework suitable for evaluating tools for e‑democracy. The framework has been developed based on earlier theories and frameworks and then further evaluated against two test cases: Twitter and BottenAda. The evaluation model builds on the inclusion of different views of e‑democracy, not seeing them as conflicting per se but rather making it possible for e‑democracy tool users and developers to understand the varying degree of support a tool can display for several aspects of democracy. The model also provides a visualization of complex theories and can thus contribute to a more informed discussion on what types of democratic values are being supported in a particular e‑democracy tool.

 

Keywords: e-democracy, democracy index, e-participation, e-service, open government, evaluation model

 

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Journal Article

Mypage and Borger.dk — A Case Study of Two Government Service Web Portals  pp165-176

Karin Furuli, Sigrun Kongsrud

© Dec 2007 Volume 5 Issue 2, ECEG 2007, Editor: Frank Bannister, pp95 - 224

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Abstract

This case study investigates the development of national portals offering online public services to citizens. Norway and Denmark are leading the way in developing online public services for citizens. In this study the development of the citizen portals Borger.dk in Denmark and Mypage in Norway will be examined. At present, documented research on national citizen portals is limited. Comparing the similarities and differences of citizen portals is an important part of e‑ government development. We have used a framework for comparing the portals. The research questions to be answered in this case study are; Why are citizen portals created? How does one deal with matters of security? How is portal development organized? This study is also intended to bring to light factors that have led to the differences in the development of Borger.dk and Mypage. The study is based on published and unpublished reports from the two countries in question, together with interviews with key persons. Of additional interest, in conducting this study, is the opportunity to gain greater insight into the development of online services provided by the public sector. This case study also raises further questions relating to e‑government to be used in future research.

 

Keywords: e-government, e-services, framework for comparing citizen portals, citizen portal, online public services, Borgerdk, Mypage

 

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Journal Article

Towards a Framework for eGovernment Development in Nigeria  pp147-160

Darren Mundy, Bandi Musa

© Dec 2010 Volume 8 Issue 2, ECEG Conference Issue, Editor: Frank Bannister, pp83 - 235

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Abstract

Globally eGovernment is associated with providing opportunities to increase the connection, availability and modes of interactivity between governance at multiple levels and the citizen. It is also associated with transforming current governmental services in ways to increase efficiencies, improve processes and automate tasks previously undertaken by governmental employees. Growing demands at national government level (often subsidised by public money) and amongst citizen groups across the world lead to a greater focus on the provision of eGovernment services. Often governmental demands for improvements to service clash with citizen requirements. Governments which want to remain relevant to their citizens must take an active role in the implementation of eGovernment. Citizens have witnessed the advances in personalisation of service, accessibility and greater use of technology in the private sector that has created an expansion of innovative ICT solutions and they are now demanding that their governments do the same. This creates an environment where the provision of eGovernment services must be approached with seriousness and with the consideration of the requirements of all stakeholder groups. The aim of this paper is to detail research undertaken to examine the path towards implementation of mature eGovernment services in the country of Nigeria. The research has included a comprehensive benchmarking activity in relation to the content analysis of state government websites in Nigeria and comparison to equivalent provision of council websites in the UK. Following this an eGovernment services requirements survey targeted at citizens was conducted to determine from a citizen perspective the present need for and evaluation of eGovernment services across Nigeria and the UK. In terms of findings, the content analysis demonstrated significant shortcomings with existing state government websites in Nigeria with only 30% of websites analysed providing basic mechanisms for citizens to interact with government services. The analysis of citizen requirements found that amongst those user groups targeted there was a high level of expectation in relation to the provision of eGovernment services and also found that the Nigerian citizens surveyed were more engaged with the benefits that eGovernment could bring to their nation.

 

Keywords: eGovernment framework, eGovernment analysis, citizen requirements, Nigerian eGovernment, e-Services, eGovernment development

 

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